Language or literary techniques involve the different ways you can convey your message or heighten meaning through written texts. Instead of writing in plain language, you can use the following literary techniques to give more emphasis to your ideas.
Purposes of Language Techniques
Here’s why you should use language techniques in your literary work:
- · Gets your readers to connect with you more strongly
- · Clarifies the purpose of your overall work
- · Makes your work more interesting and fun to read
Types of Language Techniques
It is an extended metaphor where people, objects or actions in a narrative are connected to meanings beyond the narrative. The underlying meaning of an allegory can have social, moral, political or religious significance.
George Orwell’s Animal Farm is an allegory for the events related to the Russian Revolution and the Stalinist era in early 20 century Russia.
An allusion is a subtle or indirect reference to a specific religious belief, a historical period or to any other text or thing. It lets you offer an example of conveying a message without going into a lengthy disclosure.
“You don’t have to act so smartly. It’s not like you are Newton or something like that.” This is an example of allusion to the famous real-life physicist Albert Einstein.
This one describes modern texts that are constructed from pre-existing materials. The existing materials often belong to multiple text types and sources.
Alain De Botton’s Art of Travel is one of the best examples of bricolage. This work reflects postmodernist context suggesting that there are multiple versions of reality.
Dialogue is one of the most common language techniques that you may use in your literary works. It is used to infer a speaker’s intentions or their personality.
“Martha,” said Kyle, “I need help with moving into the new apartment. Will you help me?”
Metaphors are actions, ideas or objects that are described in non-literal terms. It is usually used when you have to compare one thing to another. The two things may have something in common but are unalike in other respects.
Consider this line from Romeo and Juliet “What light through yonder window breaks?” it is the east and Juliet is the sun. In this line, Romeo compares Juliet to the sun.
A soliloquy is usually used in dramas. It is a type of monologue in which a character speaks aloud to himself or herself and to the audience. It reveals the speaker’s inner feelings and thoughts.
In Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Macbeth’s speech that begins with ‘If it were done when ’is done, then ’twere well’ is a soliloquy. Macbeth stands in a hallway just outside where King Duncan and his men were having dinner. He wrestles with his conscience in this soliloquy.
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