national park in India

National parks are the conservation areas that is reserved to protect the wildlife of that area. At present there are 106 national parks in India and it is covering area of 43,716 km2 of the country. All the human activity is prohibited in these national park.

List of National Parks in India (As on December, 2020):

S. No Name of State Name of Protected Area Year of Notification Area (in km2)
1 Andhra Pradesh Papikonda 2008 1012.8588
2   Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) 2005 2.3952
3   Sri Venkateswara 1989 353.62
4 Arunachal Pradesh Mouling 1986 483
5   Namdapha 1983 1807.82
6 Assam Dibru-Saikhowa 1999 340
7   Kaziranga 1974 858.98
8   Manas 1990 500
9   Nameri 1998 200
10   Rajiv Gandhi (Orang) 1999 78.81
11 Bihar Valmiki 1989 335.65
12 Chhattisgarh             Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) 1981 1440.71
13   Indravati (Kutru) 1982 1258.37
14   Kanger Valley 1982 200
15 Goa Mollem 1992 107
16 Gujarat Blackbuck (Velavadar) 1976 34.53
17   Gir 1975 258.71
18   Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) 1982 162.89
19   Vansda 1979 23.99
20 Haryana Kalesar 2003 46.82
21   Sultanpur 1989 1.43
22 Himachal Pradesh Great Himalayan 1984 754.4
23   Inderkilla 2010 94
24   Khirganga 2010 705
25   Pin Valley 1987 675
26   Col. Sherjung Simbalbara 2010 27.88
27 Jharkhand Betla 1986 226.33
28 Karnataka Anshi 1987 417.34
29   Bandipur 1974 872.24
30   Bannerghatta 1974 260.51
31   Kudremukh 1987 600.57
32   Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) 1988 643.39
33 Kerala Anamudi Shola 2003 7.5
34   Eravikulam 1978 97
35   Mathikettan Shola 2003 12.82
36   Pambadum Shola 2003 1.32
37   Periyar 1982 350
38   Silent Valley 1984 89.52
39 Madhya Pradesh Bandhavgarh National Park 1968 448.842
40   Dinosaur Fossils 2011 0.897
41   Fossil 1983 0.27
42   Pench 1975 292.857
43   Kanha National Park 1955 941.793
44   Kuno 2018 748.761
45   Madhav National Park 1959 375.23
46   Panna National Park 1981 542.66
47   Sanjay 1981 464.643
48   Satpura 1981 528.729
49   Van Vihar 1979 4.452
50 Maharashtra Chandoli 2004 317.67
51   Gugamal 1975 361.28
52   Nawegaon 1975 133.88
53   Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) 1975 257.26
54   Sanjay Gandhi (Borivilli) 1983 86.96
55   Tadoba 1955 116.55
56 Manipur Keibul-Lamjao 1977 40
57   Shiroi 1982 100
58 Meghalaya Balphakram 1986 220
59   Nokrek Ridge 1997 47.48
60 Mizoram Murlen 1991 100
61   Phawngpui (Blue Mountain) 1992 50
62 Nagaland Intanki 1993 202.02
63 Odisha Bhitarkanika 1988 145
64   Simlipal 1980 845.7
65 Rajasthan Desert 1992 3162
66   Keoladeo Ghana 1981 28.73
67   Mukundra Hills 2006 200.54
68   Ranthambhore 1980 282
69   Sariska 1992 273.8
70 Sikkim Khangchendzonga 1977 1784
71 Tamil Nadu Guindy 1976 2.7057
72   Gulf of Mannar Marine 1980 526.02
73   Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) 1989 117.1
74   Mudumalai 1990 103.23
75   Mukurthi 1990 78.46
76 Telangana Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 1994 1.425
77   Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali 1994 14.59
78   Mrugavani 1994 3.6
79 Tripura Clouded Leopard 2007 5.08
80   Bison (Rajbari) 2007 31.63
81 Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa 1977 490
82 Uttarakhand Jim Corbett National Park 1936 520.82
83   Gangotri 1989 2390.02
84   Govind 1990 472.08
85   Nanda Devi 1982 624.6
86   Rajaji 1983 820
87   Valley of Flowers 1982 87.5
88 West Bengal Buxa 1992 117.1
89   Gorumara 1992 79.45
90   Jaldapara 2014 216.34
91   Neora Valley 1986 159.8917
92   Singalila 1986 78.6
93   Sunderban National Park 1984 1330.1
94 Andaman & Nicobar Islands Campbell Bay 1992 426.23
95   Galathea Bay 1992 110
96   Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) 1983 281.5
97   Mount Harriett 1987 46.62
98   Rani Jhansi Marine 1996 320.06
99   Saddle Peak 1987 32.54
100 Jammu & Kashmir City Forest (Salim Ali) 1992 9.07
101   Dachigam 1981 141
102   Kazinag 2000 90.88
103   Kishtwar High Altitute 1981 2191.5
104 Ladakh Hemis 1981 3350

 

FAQ’s

Q.1 Which is the newest national park in India?

Ans – Raimona National Park is the newest national park of India. It is located in the Assam state of India. This park is famous for golden langur, an endemic species (with Bhutan) which has been named as the mascot of Bodoland region.

Q.2 Which is the first national park of India?

Ans – Jim Corbett National Park is the  first national park of India. It was established in 1936 and renamed on the name of popular British hunter and naturalist Jim Corbett,

Q.3 Which is the biggest national park in India?

Ans – Hemis National Park ( Jammu and Kashmir – 1986) is the largest national park in India. It covers area of 4,400.0 km Square.

Q.4 Which national park is the smallest national park in India.

Ans – South Button Island National Park, located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is the smallest National Park in India.

 

Source: National Wildlife Database, Wildlife Institute of India (http://www.wiienvis.nic.in/Database/npa_8231.aspx)

By Mayank

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