The CBSE Class 10 Political Science curriculum includes a chapter on “Power Sharing,” which delves into the mechanisms and significance of sharing power in a democratic setup. This chapter aims to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of how power is distributed among various levels of government and different social groups. Here’s an overview of what you can expect from the “Power Sharing” chapter:

1. Introduction to Power Sharing:

  • Explaining the concept of power sharing and its relevance in a diverse society.
  • Highlighting the importance of power sharing in maintaining harmony and preventing conflicts.

2. Power Sharing Among Different Organs of Government:

  • Understanding the division of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
  • Examining the role of each branch in maintaining checks and balances to prevent the concentration of power.

3. Power Sharing in Different Levels of Government:

  • Exploring the federal and unitary systems of government.
  • Understanding the distribution of powers between the central government, state governments, and local governments.

4. Power Sharing Among Social Groups:

  • Examining power sharing as a means to accommodate the interests of different linguistic, religious, and ethnic groups.
  • Discussing the challenges and benefits of power sharing in diverse societies.

5. Case Studies:

  • Studying real-life examples of power sharing from different countries, such as Belgium and Sri Lanka.
  • Analyzing the successes and challenges of power-sharing mechanisms in addressing social divisions.

Key Concepts:

  • Power sharing involves the distribution of power and decision-making authority among different entities.
  • Power sharing can take place among different organs of government, different levels of government, and different social groups.
  • Power sharing helps prevent the concentration of power, promotes cooperation, and resolves conflicts.
  • Federal and unitary systems represent different ways of sharing power between central and regional governments.
  • Power sharing is crucial in diverse societies to protect the interests of minority groups and ensure social harmony.

Preparation Tips:

  • Read the chapter thoroughly to understand the concepts and examples provided.
  • Take notes and create summaries to highlight key points.
  • Study the case studies in detail to gain insights into real-world power-sharing scenarios.
  • Engage in discussions or group activities to explore different perspectives on power sharing.
  • Solve practice questions and exercises to reinforce your understanding.
  • Use flowcharts or diagrams to visualize the mechanisms of power sharing.
  • Discuss any doubts with your teacher or peers to clarify concepts.

Studying the “Power Sharing” chapter equips you with a deeper understanding of political systems and the significance of sharing power in maintaining a just and harmonious society. It also helps you develop critical thinking skills by analyzing real-world examples of power-sharing mechanisms in action.

The concept of power sharing is crucial in understanding democratic systems. Here’s a set of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) tailored to CBSE Class 10, covering power-sharing mechanisms, forms of government, and their significance.

1. Forms of Government:

  1. In a ___________, power is vested in the hands of a single individual or a small group. a) Democracy b) Monarchy c) Oligarchy d) Anarchy
  2. Which of the following is not a feature of a democratic government? a) Universal adult franchise b) Regular elections c) Minority rights protection d) Concentration of power

2. Power Sharing Mechanisms:

  1. Power sharing helps to ensure: a) Centralized decision-making b) Equitable distribution of resources c) Concentration of power d) Exclusion of minorities
  2. In federal governments, power is shared between: a) Central government only b) State government only c) Central and state governments d) Local governments only

3. Importance of Power Sharing:

  1. Power sharing contributes to: a) Instability b) Conflict resolution c) Lack of accountability d) Centralization
  2. Which principle of democracy is realized through power sharing? a) Majority rule b) Minority suppression c) One-party rule d) Military control

7. Power Sharing and Social Division:

  1. A major challenge to power sharing is based on: a) Unity in diversity b) Dividing society on ethnic lines c) Concentration of power d) Centralization
  2. Which of the following is an example of horizontal power sharing? a) Devolution of powers to local governments b) Sharing power between different organs of government c) Reserving seats for women in elections d) Formation of linguistic states


  1. b) Monarchy
  2. d) Concentration of power
  3. b) Equitable distribution of resources
  4. c) Central and state governments
  5. b) Conflict resolution
  6. a) Majority rule
  7. b) Dividing society on ethnic lines
  8. a) Devolution of powers to local governments

These MCQs offer an overview of power-sharing, its mechanisms, forms of government, and its significance. They provide a helpful tool for self-assessment and a deeper understanding of these political concepts for CBSE Class 10 students.

By Mayank

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