The CBSE Class 10 Science curriculum includes a chapter on “Life Processes,” which is a fundamental topic in biology. This chapter explores the essential processes that all living organisms perform to maintain life. Here’s an overview of what you can expect from the “Life Processes” chapter:

1. Nutrition:

  • Autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition
  • Different modes of nutrition: parasitic, saprophytic, and holozoic
  • Nutrition in plants (photosynthesis) and animals (ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation, and egestion)

2. Respiration:

  • Breathing and exchange of gases
  • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Respiratory organs and their functions

3. Transportation:

  • Circulatory system in humans
  • Components of blood (plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets)
  • Function of the heart, blood vessels, and blood

4. Excretion:

  • Excretory system in humans
  • Excretory products and their elimination (urea, carbon dioxide, sweat)
  • Role of skin, lungs, liver, and kidneys in excretion

5. Control and Coordination:

  • Nervous system and its functions
  • Reflex actions and their importance
  • Endocrine system and hormones
  • Coordination between nervous and endocrine systems

6. Reproduction:

  • Modes of reproduction: asexual and sexual
  • Human reproductive system
  • Menstrual cycle and gamete formation
  • Fertilization, embryo development, and pregnancy

7. Heredity and Evolution:

  • Basic concepts of heredity and variation
  • Mendel’s laws of inheritance
  • Evolution and its evidences
  • Natural selection and adaptation

Key Concepts:

  • Life processes are essential for the survival of all living organisms.
  • Each living organism has specific nutritional and respiratory requirements.
  • Transport systems facilitate the movement of substances within the body.
  • Excretion helps in removing waste products and maintaining homeostasis.
  • Coordination and control ensure the proper functioning of the body.
  • Reproduction is crucial for the continuation of a species.
  • Heredity and evolution explain the diversity of life forms on Earth.

Preparation Tips:

  • Understand the concepts thoroughly by reading the chapter and referring to your textbook.
  • Make notes, diagrams, and flowcharts to summarize key points.
  • Solve practice questions and MCQs to reinforce your understanding.
  • Pay attention to diagrams, as they often play a vital role in explaining concepts.
  • Use additional resources like videos, animations, and online tutorials to enhance your learning.
  • Discuss concepts with peers or teachers if you have any doubts.
  • Practice past question papers to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern.

Studying the “Life Processes” chapter equips you with a deeper understanding of how living organisms function and interact with their environment. It forms a foundation for further biological concepts and helps you appreciate the intricacies of life.

Life processes are the fundamental activities that all living organisms perform to sustain their existence. In the context of CBSE Class 10 biology, mastering the concept of life processes is crucial. To aid your understanding, here is a compilation of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) that cover various aspects of life processes, including nutrition, respiration, excretion, circulation, and more.

1. Nutrition:

a) Which of the following organisms undergo autotrophic nutrition? i) Human ii) Rose plant iii) Fungi iv) Amoeba

b) The breakdown of complex food substances into simpler forms is called: i) Digestion ii) Absorption iii) Assimilation iv) Excretion

2. Respiration:

a) In which part of the cell does aerobic respiration occur? i) Nucleus ii) Cytoplasm iii) Mitochondria iv) Cell membrane

b) During anaerobic respiration in humans, which product causes muscle fatigue? i) Carbon dioxide ii) Lactic acid iii) Ethanol iv) Glucose

3. Excretion:

a) The functional unit of the kidney responsible for filtration is: i) Nephron ii) Neuron iii) Alveoli iv) Tubule

b) Which of the following is an excretory product in plants? i) Carbon dioxide ii) Oxygen iii) Starch iv) Transpiration

4. Transportation:

a) The main function of red blood cells is: i) Carrying oxygen ii) Fighting infections iii) Producing energy iv) Producing hormones

b) Xylem is responsible for the transport of: i) Nutrients ii) Water and minerals iii) Sugars iv) Hormones

5. Growth and Reproduction:

a) Asexual reproduction involves: i) Formation of gametes ii) Fusion of male and female gametes iii) Involvement of a single parent iv) Complex reproductive structures

b) Growth in plants occurs mainly in: i) Leaves ii) Stem iii) Roots iv) Flowers

6. Coordination and Response:

a) The control center of the nervous system is the: i) Brain ii) Spinal cord iii) Nerves iv) Heart

b) Which hormone is responsible for regulating blood sugar levels? i) Insulin ii) Estrogen iii) Testosterone iv) Adrenaline

7. Reproduction in Humans:

a) The site of fertilization in the female reproductive system is the: i) Uterus ii) Ovary iii) Fallopian tube iv) Vagina

b) The male reproductive cell is called: i) Sperm ii) Egg iii) Ovum iv) Zygote


  1. a) ii) Rose plant b) i) Digestion
  2. a) iii) Mitochondria b) ii) Lactic acid
  3. a) i) Nephron b) i) Carbon dioxide
  4. a) i) Carrying oxygen b) ii) Water and minerals
  5. a) iii) Involvement of a single parent b) ii) Stem
  6. a) i) Brain b) i) Insulin
  7. a) iii) Fallopian tube b) i) Sperm

These MCQs provide a comprehensive overview of various life processes covered in CBSE Class 10 biology. Remember that understanding these concepts is crucial not only for exams but also for gaining insights into the fascinating world of living organisms and their intricate processes.

By Mayank

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