“Jana Gana Mana” was declared as the national anthem of the Republic of India on 24 Jan 1950. Rabindranath Tagore composed this song in Bengali under his writing “Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata”. In 1950 the first stanza of Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata was adopted as the national anthem of India by the constituent assembly of India.
Interesting Facts About the National Anthem of India – Jana Gana Mana
- Song Composer: Rabindranath Tagore
- Lyricist: Rabindranath Tagore
- Written: December 11, 1911
- First Sung : December 27, 1911 in Lahore Assembly
- Time Duration to play: 52 seconds
- Declared as National Anthem: January 24, 1950
Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. Here are some facts about Jana Gana Mana:
- Composition: Jana Gana Mana was composed by Rabindranath Tagore, a prominent poet, writer, and Nobel laureate. It was originally written in Bengali and was first published in 1912.
- Adoption as National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana was adopted as the national anthem of India on January 24, 1950, shortly after India’s independence. It was chosen as a symbol of unity and patriotism for the diverse nation.
- Length and Structure: The original composition of Jana Gana Mana consists of five stanzas, but only the first stanza is officially designated as the national anthem. The complete rendition of the national anthem takes approximately 52 seconds.
- Language: The national anthem is written in a highly Sanskritized form of the Bengali language. Although Bengali is the original language, the national anthem is sung in a standardized version of the song that can be understood by people from different linguistic backgrounds.
- Musical Composition: Jana Gana Mana is set to the raga (melodic mode) known as Alhiya Bilawal. It follows a time signature of 4/4 and has a moderate tempo. The composition has a distinct blend of Indian classical and folk music elements.
- Occasions of Performance: Jana Gana Mana is performed on various occasions of national importance, such as Independence Day (August 15), Republic Day (January 26), and at official government functions. It is also sung in schools, colleges, and public gatherings across the country.
- International Recognition: Jana Gana Mana holds the distinction of being the national anthem that has been translated into the maximum number of languages. It is recognized by the UNESCO as one of the world’s most performed national anthems.
- Controversies: Over the years, there have been debates and controversies surrounding the national anthem, including discussions on language, interpretations, and alternative versions. However, the original composition remains the official national anthem of India.
Jana Gana Mana is a symbol of unity, diversity, and national pride in India, representing the rich cultural heritage and patriotic spirit of the country.
Jana Gana Mana – Indian National Anthem Lyrics in English
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
tava shubha asisa mage,
Gahe tava jaya-gatha.
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he.
Translation or Meaning of Jana Gana Mana Lyrics
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh,
Gujarat, and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of Vindhyas and Himalayas,
Mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganga.
It is the prayer of every heart,
And blesses the soul of our nation.
Thy divinity brings harmony,
O Lord, the protector of India’s destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee,
Victory, victory, victory to thee!
Jana Gana Mana – Indian National Anthem Lyrics in Hindi
जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्य विधाता।
पंजाब सिन्ध गुजरात मराठा
द्रविड़ उत्कल बंग।
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंग।
तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे।
गाहे तव जयगाथा।
जन गण मंगलदायक,
जय हे भारत भाग्य विधाता।
जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे॥
Who wrote the lyrics of “Jana Gana Mana”?
The lyrics of “Jana Gana Mana” were written by Rabindranath Tagore. He composed the song in Bengali and it was later adopted as the national anthem of India.
When was “Jana Gana Mana” adopted as the national anthem of India?
“Jana Gana Mana” was officially adopted as the national anthem of India on January 24, 1950, when the Indian Constitution came into effect.
In which language is “Jana Gana Mana” sung?
The original version of “Jana Gana Mana” is in Bengali. However, it is sung in a standardized version of the song, which incorporates words from several languages of India, including Bengali, Hindi, and Sanskrit, when performed as the national anthem.
What is the significance of “Jana Gana Mana”?
“Jana Gana Mana” is considered a symbol of national unity and patriotism in India. It reflects the diversity of the country and the idea of unity in diversity. The song is sung on various occasions, including national events, ceremonies, and school gatherings.
What is the meaning of “Jana Gana Mana”?
The phrase “Jana Gana Mana” translates to “the people’s voice” or “the voice of the masses.” The song praises and pays homage to India and its diverse culture, seeking the well-being and prosperity of the nation.
Can “Jana Gana Mana” be sung in other languages?
Yes, “Jana Gana Mana” can be sung in different languages as long as the lyrics are the same and the melody remains intact. However, the official version of the national anthem is in Bengali-Hindi-Sanskrit, as prescribed by the Government of India.
Is it mandatory to stand when “Jana Gana Mana” is played?
As a mark of respect, it is customary for people to stand when “Jana Gana Mana” is played or sung. The Indian Flag Code recommends that all persons present should stand at attention during the playing of the national anthem.