The CBSE Class 10 Geography curriculum includes a chapter titled “Resources and Development.” This chapter provides insights into various types of resources available on Earth, their distribution, utilization, and the challenges associated with their sustainable management. Here’s an overview of what you can expect from the “Resources and Development” chapter:

1. Types of Resources:

  • The chapter begins by introducing the concept of resources, both natural and human-made.
  • It explores the classification of resources into renewable and non-renewable, biotic and abiotic resources.
  • Examples of resources include air, water, forests, minerals, and human-made resources like infrastructure and industries.

2. Resource Planning:

  • Resource planning aims to manage resources efficiently to meet present and future needs.
  • It involves assessing the existing resources, estimating their potential, and ensuring their sustainable utilization.
  • The chapter discusses the need for resource planning and its significance in preventing resource depletion.

3. Sustainable Development:

  • Sustainable development involves balanced economic growth while conserving resources for future generations.
  • The chapter emphasizes the importance of sustainable development in maintaining ecological balance and preventing environmental degradation.

4. Land Resources and Their Degradation:

  • The chapter discusses land as a vital resource and its diverse uses in agriculture, industry, and habitation.
  • It explores the causes and consequences of land degradation, including erosion, desertification, and deforestation.

5. Water Resources and Their Management:

  • The availability and distribution of freshwater resources are explored, including surface water and groundwater.
  • The chapter delves into issues related to water scarcity, pollution, and the importance of water conservation.

6. Forest and Wildlife Resources:

  • The chapter highlights the significance of forests in maintaining ecological balance and supporting diverse life forms.
  • It addresses the challenges of deforestation, habitat loss, and the importance of conservation efforts.

Key Concepts:

  • Resources are assets that are used to fulfill human needs and desires.
  • Natural resources include air, water, soil, minerals, forests, and wildlife.
  • Resource planning is essential for sustainable utilization and future needs.
  • Sustainable development balances economic growth with environmental conservation.
  • Land degradation, water scarcity, and deforestation are pressing challenges.
  • Forests play a critical role in biodiversity conservation.

Preparation Tips:

  • Thoroughly read the chapter to understand the concepts and examples provided.
  • Take notes and create summaries to highlight key points.
  • Use diagrams and flowcharts to visualize the distribution and utilization of resources.
  • Study real-life case studies to understand resource management practices.
  • Engage in discussions or group activities to explore different perspectives on resource utilization.
  • Solve practice questions and exercises to reinforce your understanding.
  • Discuss any doubts with your teacher or peers to clarify concepts.

Studying the “Resources and Development” chapter equips you with a deeper understanding of the Earth’s resources, their importance, and the challenges of sustainable development. It also encourages you to think critically about ways to manage resources responsibly for the well-being of present and future generations.

Resources and Development: CBSE Class 10 MCQs Students

The chapter on “Resources and Development” in CBSE Class 10 Geography explores various types of resources, their sustainable management, and the development challenges associated with them. Here’s a set of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) tailored to this chapter to help you grasp the concepts effectively.

1. Types of Resources:

  1. Which type of resource is derived from living organisms and their products? a) Natural resource b) Human-made resource c) Biotic resource d) Abiotic resource
  2. Fossil fuels like coal and petroleum are examples of: a) Renewable resources b) Non-renewable resources c) Biotic resources d) Human-made resources

2. Resource Planning and Sustainable Development:

  1. Resource planning aims to: a) Deplete resources rapidly b) Utilize resources without considering future needs c) Optimize resource utilization for present and future generations d) Exploit resources for short-term gain
  2. Sustainable development involves: a) Using resources without considering environmental impact b) Promoting development at the cost of resources c) Balancing economic development and environmental conservation d) Ignoring social and economic factors

3. Land Resources and Soil Degradation:

  1. Which factor is responsible for soil erosion? a) Planting cover crops b) Afforestation c) Overgrazing and deforestation d) Soil conservation measures
  2. What can cause the loss of soil fertility? a) Organic farming practices b) Irrigation methods c) Overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides d) Crop rotation

4. Water Resources and Their Management:

  1. Which source of freshwater is most abundant on Earth? a) Groundwater b) Rivers and lakes c) Glaciers and ice caps d) Oceans and seas
  2. Rainwater harvesting involves: a) Over-extraction of groundwater b) Diverting rivers for irrigation c) Collecting and storing rainwater for various uses d) Industrial pollution of water bodies


  1. c) Biotic resource
  2. b) Non-renewable resources
  3. c) Optimize resource utilization for present and future generations
  4. c) Balancing economic development and environmental conservation
  5. c) Overgrazing and deforestation
  6. c) Overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides
  7. c) Glaciers and ice caps
  8. c) Collecting and storing rainwater for various uses

These MCQs offer an overview of the “Resources and Development” chapter, covering different types of resources, sustainable development, land and soil degradation, and water resources. Use them to assess your understanding and reinforce your knowledge of these geographical concepts.

By Mayank

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